This article examines its background and events. Although this was a civil war, and the whole country was affected, there were remarkably few major battles. Here are four of the key battles that shaped the destiny of a nation. English military, political, and religious figure who led the Parliamentarian victory in the English Civil War (1642-1649) and called for the execution of Charles I. English Civil War Battles: Edgehill 23rd October 1642 The English Civil War was an intermittent nine-year confrontation between King and Parliament, but how was it won and how was it lost? The war was won by Parliament, but after the death of Oliver Cromwell in 1658 dissent led to disorder and the monarchy was restored in 1660. This battle led to the loss of hundreds of thousands of lives as a result of a direct conflict between the Northern and the Southern states of the United States of America. As was the case with the 15th century War of the Roses, there were relatively few significant battles. A Very Uncivil War. The American Civil War (1861-1865) is etched in our memory for many reasons. […] Although the Puritans provided the backbone of its army, those elements of society in armed opposition to Charles I should more accurately be called the Parliamentary forces. Have you heard the expression "civil war"? He is in the process of publishing the book Worship, Civil War And Community, 1638-1660, which will focus on warfare and religion in the Civil War … English Civil War: From 1642 to 1651, all of England went to war with one another over the question of who should rule. As lord protector of England (1653-1658) he ruled as a virtual dictator. The English Civil War in The 17th Century. The English Civil Wars were a series of conflicts between the Cavaliers (Royalists) and the Roundheads (Parliamentarians). The first war was settled with Oliver Cromwell's victory for Parliamentary forces at the 1645 Battle of Naseby An historian of the social and religious aspects of Early Modern Britain and Ireland, Dr Christopher Langley is a lecturer at the University of York and Newman University. English Civil War battles were significant in the scope of British history but they were not arrayed in the manner of a typical war. Historians use this term to describe a war which splits a nation into opposing sides. It is doubtful whether Parliament could have won the first English Civil War without Scottish intervention. 1. Affairs in England were settled between 1642 and 1651 although the entire United Kingdom was involved in the Great Rebellion. Battle of Edgehill: 23 October 1642. The English Civil War during the 17th century probably ranks as one of England's most important civil wars. The English Civil Wars (1642-1651) stemmed from conflict between Charles I and Parliament over an Irish insurrection.